Black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis)

99808-004-6DEC88E2.jpg
Kingdom: Animalia
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Rhinocerotidae

Description:
An adult Rhino has two horns attached to its skull. They use the horn for intimidation, feeding, and digging. The skin color of a Black Rhino depends on their environment and they are typically not black. They have long pointed upper lips which it uses to grasp leaves and twigs. They have thick layers of skin which harbor parasites that are then eaten by birds. They have very poor eyesight and rely more on hearing and smell.

Diet:
The Black Rhino is a herbivore that mainly feeds on leafy plants, branches and fruits. Their eating habits reduce the amount of woody plants making it easier for grasses to grow and other animals to feed. They have been known to eat up to 220 different kind of species of plants. They are usually inactive for the most part of their day. They can live up to 5 days without water during droughts.

Breeding Ground:
Adult Rhinos tend to be solitary only coming together to mate. They dont have a specific time to do so but they are more common during the dry season. A gestation period lasts 15 to 16 months. They are live births usually one at a time. The offspring stay with their mothers for about 2-3 years.


Cause of Extiction:
The Black Rhino is close to extinction not because of habitat loss alone but because it is hunted for its horns. In Borneo they believe hanging a Rhinos tail over the room where a woman is giving birth lessens labor pains. Asians use the horn as medicine and in antidotes. The horn is also used to make precioius daggers which represent wealth and status. The price of the horn has increased dramatically. In 1990 horns from a Black Rhino sold for as much as $50,000.


Wikipedia
Author: N/A
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Rhinoceros

Craig Kasnoff Media Company
Author: Craig Kasnoff
http://www.bagheera.com/inthewild/van_anim_rhino.htm