Hunter

Beatragus hunteri, more commonly known as Hunter's Antelope (also called the Hirola)

Description:
Category: Mammal
Species Physical Features: Deerlike body, long antlers, and a sandy brown color.
Hirola, Tsavo Ost
Hirola, Tsavo Ost

Species Eating Habits: Grass is primary food.
Breeding: Breeding occurs at the onset of the long rainy season in March and April, with the majority of births occurring just prior to the short rains in October and November. Young go through a brief 'lying up' phase, hiding away from their mothers.Females give birth to a single young, generally away from the rest of the group. They spend up to two weeks alone with their calves, during which time both mother and calf are particularly vulnerable to predation from lions, cheetahs and hyenas. The young separate from the group at around one year of age to join a sub-group of yearlings.

Habitat:
external image B_hunteri_map.gif



Countries/Continents: Kenya and Somalia
Historic Range/Current Range:
Living/Nesting Areas: Found in arid, grassy plains
Migratory?: No
Above/Below Ground?: Above
Predators: Lions, Hyeenas, and Cheetahs

Problems:
Competition with domestic cattle , severe droughts, and poaching are all factors in the decline of the Hunter's Antelope population.

Solutions:
In late 2005, four local communities in the Ijara District have, in collaboration with Terra Nuova, developed and put forward a proposal to formally establish the Ishaqbini Hirola Conservancy for the in situ protection of the Hirola. Small reserves have also been created for Hirolas but they haven't made a significant impact in the declining population of the endangered animal.

Sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hirola
http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Artiodactyla/Beatragus_hunteri.html
http://www.edgeofexistence.org/mammals/species_info.php?id=37