Orange-bellied Parrot external image obparrot.jpg

Names:
  • Neophema chrysogaster
  • family/ sub-family: Psittacidae

Description:
  • Appearance: 22-25 cm. Slim parrot, grass-green above, and yellowish below; bright orange patch in the centre of the lower belly
    • Adult male: two-tone blue frontal band, green-blue uppertail with yellow sides, orange patch on belly
    • Adult female: slightly duller, orange patch slightly smaller, tail greener
  • Noise: harsh, buzzing alarm call
  • Diet: buttongrass

History:
  • Migration: breeds only in coastal south-west Tasmania and spends the winter in coastal Victoria and South Australia
    • breeding season in March or April (about two months)
    • migrate to the mainland south-west of Tasmania in October
  • Nesting: hollows in eucalypt trees which grow adjacent to its feeding plains of buttongrass.
  • Predators: red fox and the feral house cat (introduced by Europeans)

Problems:
  • competition for food between other seed-eating birds
  • parrot diseases
  • overgrazing from agriculture degrades habitat
  • urban and industrial development degrades habitat

Solutions:
  • feeding habitat in Tasmania, Victoria and King Island has been reserved or is managed
  • Breeding, migration and winter counts are made annually
  • captive-breeding programme have been established with the main centre at Healesville Sanctuary, Victoria, and 75 birds are released annually


Sources:

BirdLife International
http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/index.html?action=SpcHTMDetails.asp&sid=1485&m=0

Tourism Tasmania
http://travelmedia.tourismtasmania.com.au/about/wildlife/orange_bellied.html