Made by: Lauren

Scientific name: Lemur Catta
Common name: Ring-tailed Lemur
Nickname: Hira; Maki

Description: The Ring-tailed Lemur is part of the primate category of species, which make them a mammal. It is mostly grey, with a long, vivid colored tail of black and white. The face of the Lemur is mostly white with the grey. The head and body are 17.75 in (45 cm) and the tailis 21.75 in (55 cm) Lemurs like to eat fruit, leaves, bark, flowers, and sap and mostly eat with their hands and feet. The Ring-tailed Lemur reproduce live young and have multiple partners. Even though they live in groups of females and males, usually one male dominates the reproduction aspect. The mating season creates many fights due to competition over the females. Overall, there is usually one dominant female that presides over the rest of the group.

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Habitat: The Ring-tailed Lemur can only be found off the coast of Africa on the island of Madagascar. The exact age of this species is unknown; however, they have been studied since the 1740s. It is suggested through DNA evidence that a relation with other primates dates the Ring-tail Lemur to 50-80 million years ago. They live mostly in trees, and they like to reside in gallery forests and Euphorbia bush habitat. Even though they nest in trees, they spend a lot of time on the ground (they are the only Lumars known to do this). They rarely migrate and they live aboveground. This particular type of Lemur does not hibernate in the winter. The predators of the Lemur are hawks, humans, and dogs. Since the Lemur's diet is strictly herbivore, they do not eat any other animal.

Problems: The Ring-tailed Lemur is endanger because of loss of habitat (fires, deforestation), human hunting, and overgrazing by livestock.

Solutions: Currently, there are a lot of conservation organizations trying to save the Ring-tailed Lemur. They have been given the highest priority rating by the IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group's Lemurs of Madagascar. Also, the Lemur Conservation Foundation and the Madagascar Fauna Group are working together with the "Adopt a Lemur" program. It is illegal to hunt and kill the Ring-tailed Lemur. Currently, there are still Lemurs in the wild, but they are also breeding in captivity. The Ring-tailed Lemurs are found in zoos worldwide.

References:
Name: National Geographic Ring-tailed Lemur
URL: http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/ring-tailed-lemur.html

Name: Animal Diversity Web: Lemur catta
Author: Rebecca Anderson
URL: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Lemur_catta.html

Name: Tree of Life web project: Ring-tailed Lemur
Author: Heather Kennedy
URL: http://tolweb.org/treehouses/?treehouse_id=4730